Tag Archives: Corporate Law

Out of Sahara Blues


Finally government tries to come out of Sahara Blues. Government earlier was in pressure to put corporate governance in place among private companies and tried well. Thereafter, industry lobby (read as vested interests among “promoters” and “professionals”) started pleaded mercy for all “otherwise honest players”.

Government initiated it journey with exemption notifications and now bring this amendment rules.

The Companies (Audit and Auditors) Second Amendment Rules, 2017 is interesting in more than one way. Statistically, this exemption will benefit only selected big players among private companies in India and their auditors.

Section 139(2) of the Companies Act, 2013 reads, “No listed company or a company belonging to such class or classes of companies as may be prescribed, shall appoint or re-appoint—

(a) an individual as auditor for more than one term of five consecutive years; and

(b) an audit firm as auditor for more than two terms of five consecutive years.”

Rule 5 of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules 2014 before present amendments reads, “for the purposes of sub-section (2) of section 139, the class of companies shall mean the following classes of companies excluding one person companies and small companies:-

(a) all unlisted public companies having paid up share capital of rupees ten crore or more;

(b) all private limited companies having paid up share capital of rupees twenty crore or more;

(c) all companies having paid up share capital of below threshold limit mentioned in (a) and (b) above, but having public borrowings from financial institutions, banks or public deposits of rupees fifty crores or more.”

Now, the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Second Amendment Rules, 2017, amend clause (b) of rule 5. The amendment rules reads, “in the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules, 2014, in rule 5, in clause (b), for the word “twenty”, the word “fifty” shall be substituted.

This amendment rules increase threshold limit for rotation of auditors for private companies by a good 150%.

As number of companies and auditors is not much, it may not affect stakeholders significantly but our commitment towards corporate governance.

 

Ease to surrender DIN


Now, Ministry of Corporate Affairs introduced relatively easy and online e – form for surrendering director identification.

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Amendment in Buyback Law


The Ministry of Corporate Affairs bring out two draft notifications to be published in Official Gazette of India to amend the Act by a draft order under proviso to Section 68(2)(d) and by a draft amendment in the Companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Rules, 2014.

Post Buyback Debt – Equity Ratio:

As we discussed earlier here, Section 68(2)(d) read as under:

“The ratio of the aggregate of secured and unsecured debts owed by the company after buy-back is not more than twice the paid-up capital and its free reserves:

Provided that the Central Government may, by order, notify a higher ratio of the debt to capital and free reserves for a class or classes of companies;”

Now draft notification read as under:

In exercise of the powers conferred under the proviso to clause (d) of sub-section (2) of section 68 of the Companies Act, 2013, the Central Government has notified that –

The debt to capital and free reserves ratio shall be 6:1 for government companies within the meaning of clause (45) of Section 2 of the Companies Act, 2013 which carry on Non Banking Finance Institution activities and Housing Finance activities.

This order give effect that for all companies post buyback Debt Equity Ratio shall be 2:1 except government companies which are Non banking Finance companies or Housing Finance companies.

Unaudited Accounts limited reviewed:

As we discussed earlier here, Rule 17(1)(n)(iii) of the companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Rules, 2014 read as under:

“That the audited accounts on the basis of which calculation with reference to buy back is done is not more than six months old from the date of offer document;”

The draft of the companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Amendment Rules 2016 insert following proviso to this sub – clause:

“Provided that where the audited accounts are more than six months old, the calculations with reference to buy back shall be on the basis of un-audited accounts not older than six months from the date of offer document which are subjected to limited review by the auditors of the company.”

This is a removal of practical difficulty. Due to present clause, for practical purpose buyback resolution is possible only within six month from date of audited annual account. Now, buyback resolution may be possible any time on the basis of unaudited accounts limited reviewed by the auditors of the company.

Please note: This blog invite readers to share their comments, suggestions, hardship, queries and everything in comment section. This blog post is not a professional advice but just a knowledge sharing initiative for mutual discussion.

Resident and Residential Address


Form – DIR – 3 of the Companies (Appointment and Qualification of Directors) Rules, 2014, asked strange information therein – 5 – Whether (applicant is) resident in India – yes or no (radio button). Any person filing and certifying the form should be confirm what is asked and what is purpose? Whether permanent residential address or present resident address has any relation with resident status? What is definition of these terms; Resident Status, Permanent Residential Address and Present Residential Address?

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NIDHI COMPANIES UNDER COMPANIES LAW


Nidhi is a special class of companies under the Companies Act 2013. Sub – Section (1) of Section 406 define Nidhi. “Nidhi” means a company which has been incorporated as a Nidhi with the object of cultivating the habit of thrift and savings amongst its members, receiving deposits from, and lending to, its members only, for their mutual benefit, and which complies with such rules as are prescribed by the Central Government for regulation of such class of companies.

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EXEMPTION TO PRIVATE COMPANIES


On 5th June 2015, Ministry of Corporate Affairs posted here a draft notification to be published in Official Gazette announcing some exemption to Private Companies.

As there is no effective date is announced in the Notification, this notification shall come into effect on the date of its publication in the Official Gazette.

[UPDATE 20th June 2015: MCA uploaded copy of Official Gazette dated 5th June 2015, in which this Notification is published. Meaning that; These exemption came into force from that date]

The Notification is issued in exercise of power conferred by Clauses (a) and (b) of Sub – section (1) of 462 read with sub –section (2) of said section of the Companies Act, 2013. A copy of this notification has been laid in draft before both Houses of Parliament as required by sub-section (2) of section 462 of the Companies Act, 2013.

Paragraph 2 of the Notification cast a condition on the Private Companies:

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EXEMPTION TO GOVERNMENT COMPANIES


On 5th June 2015, Ministry of Corporate Affairs posted here a draft notification to be published in Official Gazette announcing some exemption to Not for profit Companies.

As there is no effective date is announced in the Notification, this notification shall come into effect on the date of its publication in the Official Gazette.

[UPDATE 19th June 2015: MCA uploaded copy of Official Gazette dated 5th June 2015, in which this Notification is published. Meaning that; These exemption came into force from that date]

The Notification is issued in exercise of power conferred by Clauses (a) and (b) of Sub – section (1) and sub – section (2) of 462 of the Companies Act, 2013. A copy of this notification has been laid in draft before both Houses of Parliament as required by sub-section (2) of section 462 of the Companies Act, 2013.

Paragraph 2 of the Notification cast a condition on the Government Companies:

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EXEMPTION TO NON PROFIT COMPANIES


On 5th June 2015, Ministry of Corporate Affairs posted here a draft notification to be published in Official Gazette announcing some exemption to Not for profit Companies.

As there is no effective date is announced in the Notification, this notification shall come into effect on the date of its publication in the Official Gazette.

[UPDATE 19th June 2015: MCA uploaded copy of Official Gazette dated 5th June 2015, in which this Notification is published. Meaning that; These exemption came into force from that date.]

The Notification is issued in exercise of power conferred by Clauses (a) and (b) of Sub – section (1) and sub – section (2) of 462 read with Section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013. A copy of this notification has been laid in draft before both Houses of Parliament as required by sub-section (2) of section 462 of the Companies Act, 2013.

Paragraph 2 of the Notification cast a condition on the Not for Profit Companies:

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EXEMPTION TO NIDHI COMPANIES


On 5th June 2015, Ministry of Corporate Affairs posted here a draft notification to be published in Official Gazette announcing some exemption to Nidhi Companies.

As there is no effective date is announced in the Notification, this notification shall come into effect on the date of its publication in the Official Gazette.

[UPDATE 19th June 2015: MCA uploaded copy of Official Gazette dated 5th June 2015, in which this Notification is published. Meaning that; These exemption came into force from that date.]

The Notification is issued in exercise of power conferred by Clauses (a) and (b) of Sub – section 462 read with Section 406 of the Companies Act, 2013. A copy of this notification has been laid in draft before both Houses of Parliament as required by sub-section (2) of section 462 of the Companies Act, 2013.

Paragraph 2 of the Notification cast a condition on the Nidhi Companies:

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Commencement of Business Suspended


Yes, you rightly read. Commencement of business suspended. One of fellow professional colleague told me with exclamation!!

Ministry of Corporate affairs few days ago announced about launch of updated versions of few forms including Form INC – 21 which is a declaration required to be filed before commencement of business or exercising borrowing powers. But suddenly stakeholders found that while updated version of all other forms is there, there was no Form INC – 21 on the portal.

A statement issued just said that due to deletion of Section 11 of the Companies Act, 2013 by relevant section of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2015, which came into force on or before there is no requirement of Form INC – 21 remain. Earlier, the companies (Incorporation) Second Amendment Rules 2015 were also notified.  The Form was removed from MCA 21 Portal on date 4th June 2015. By virtue of commencement of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2015, this date legally is 29th May 2015.

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YEAR’S SECOND AMENDMENT IN REGISTRATION OFFICES AND FEES RULES


The Ministry of Corporate Affairs placed here on its website a draft of the Companies (Registration Offices and Fees) Second Amendment Rules, 2015. These amendment Rules will come into force from the date of its publication in Official Gazette.

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YEAR’S SECOND AMENDMENT IN DIVIDEND RULES


The Ministry of Corporate Affairs placed here on its website a draft of the Companies (Declaration and Payment of dividend) Second Amendment Rules, 2015. These amendment Rules will come into force from the date of its publication in Official Gazette.

These amendment rules proposed to omit Rule 3(5) of the Companies (Declaration and Payment of dividend) Rules, 2014.

The Deleted Rule 3(5) read as under,

“No company shall declare dividend unless carried over previous losses and depreciation not provided in previous year are set off against profit of the company of the current year the loss or depreciation, whichever is less, in previous years is set off against the profit of the company for the year for which dividend is declared or paid.”

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AMENDMENT IN CHARGES RULES


The Ministry of Corporate Affairs placed here on its website a draft of the Companies (Registration of Charges) Amendment Rules, 2015. These amendment Rules will come into force from the date of its publication in Official Gazette.

These amendment rules proposed to amend Rule 3(4)(a) of the Companies (Registration of Charges) Rules, 2014. This amendment in the Rules is in alignment with the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2015 relevant part of which came into effect from 29th May 2015. Purpose of these amendments in the Rules is to provide law in event of company exercise its option not to have a common seal. After this amendment the Rule 3(4) shall read as under:

A copy of every instrument evidencing any creation or modification of charge and required to be filed with the Registrar in pursuance of Section 77, 78 or 79 shall be verified as follows-

(a) where the instrument or deed relates solely to the property situated outside India, the copy shall be verified by a certificate issued either under the seal of the company under the seal, if any, of the company, or under the hand of any director or company secretary of the company or an authorised officer of the charge holder or under the hand of some person other than the company who is interested in the mortgage or charge;

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YEAR’S SECOND AMENDMENT IN SHARE CAPITAL RULES


The Ministry of Corporate Affairs placed here on its website a draft of the Companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Second Amendment Rules, 2015. These amendment Rules will come into force from the date of its publication in Official Gazette.

These amendment rules proposed to amend Rule 5(3) of the Companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Rules, 2014. Earlier this sub – rule was amended in 18th March 2015 by the Companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Amendment Rules, 2015. Before comment, I read this copy of amended Rule 5(3), with amendment by this amendment rule in bold letters:

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YEAR’S SECOND AMENDMENT IN INCORPORATION RULES


The Ministry of Corporate Affairs placed here on its website a draft of the Companies (Incorporation) Second Amendment Rules, 2015. These amendment Rules will come into force from the date of its publication in Official Gazette.

These amendment rules proposed to amend:

  1. Insert a proviso in Rule 12 of principal Rules,
  2. Omit Rule 24 of the Principal Rules,
  3. Substitute Form INC – 13 and INC – 16 with new Forms, and
  4. Omit form INC – 21.

Application for incorporation of companies:

The Amendment Rules introduce a proviso to Rule 12. After this amendment, Rule 12 of the Companies (Incorporation) Rules 2014 shall read:

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Part of Companies Amendment Act became Effective


A draft notification posted here on website of Ministry of Corporate Affairs says that Section 1 to 12 and Section 15 to 23 of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2015 came into force with effect from 29th May 2015. The official language of notification read, “the Central Government hereby appoints the 296 May, 2015 as the date on which the provisions of sections 1 to 12 and 15 to 23 of the said Act shall come into force.” The Amendment Act was got presidential assent and notified by Ministry of Law and Justice as such on 26th May 2015 in official gazette.

Two sections not notified yet deals with Fraud Reporting Procedure [Section 13 amending Section 143 of Principal Act] and Related Party Transactions [Section 14 amending Section 177 of Principal Act]. This is understood that Rules related to these sections are in drafting process.

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UNEASE OF INTEGRATED INCORPORATION


Irrespective of political parties in power, Government of India fails to deliver any substantial ease of doing business or living life. #EaseOfDoingBusiness #EaseOfLivingLife

There is no real delivery except creating some online filing like MCA21 and online payment of fees, taxes and duties in first fifteen years of this 21st century. Switching to online environment from paper environment is just change of mode not a relaxation for ease of doing business or ease of living life from the side of government. This is just a technical advancement without role of government. One can understand it switching from inkpot system to fountain pen or ballpoint pen, which was also resulted in substantial reduction of time. Another example may be paper based tax calculation to calculator based tax calculation.

Presently, government has also come out of another gimmick called integrated incorporation forms. Without digging deep, name just suggests; there is no ease just integration. Instead of less pain, all quantum of pain at one place one time with more possible error of treatment at once. #EaseOfDoingBusiness #EaseOfLivingLife

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Amended Form INC – 7 (W.E.F. 1 May 2015)


Form INC-7 is required to be filed pursuant to Section 7 (1) of the Companies Act, 2013 and pursuant to Rule 10, 12, 14 and 15 of Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014. New version of this form came into force from 1st May 2015 by the Companies (Incorporation) Amendment Rules 2015. This replaced earlier version of Form INC – 7 discussed earlier here.

Form INC-7 deals with incorporation of a new company (other than OPC). This form is accompanied by supporting documents such as details of Directors/subscribers, the Memorandum of Association (MoA) and Articles of Association (AoA) and evidence of payment of stamp duty. Once the Form is processed and found complete, a company is registered and CIN is allocated.

The Form INC – 7 is not required where Integrated Incorporation Form INC – 29 was opted by applicant.

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Amended Form INC – 22 (W.E.F. 1 May 2015)


Form INC – 22 is required to be filed pursuant to Section 12 (2) & 12 (4) of the Companies Act, 2013 and Rule 25 and 27 of the Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014.

New version of this form came into force from 1st May 2015 by the Companies (Incorporation) Amendment Rules 2015. This replaced earlier version of Form INC – 22 discussed earlier here.

The company is required to furnish to the Registrar verification of its registered office in Form INC – 22 within a period of thirty days from the date of its incorporation. The company can also specify the address of registered office at the time of filing incorporation Forms. For this, the applicant shall upload Form INC-22 as linked form to Form INC-7. In case of One Person Company, the particulars of the registered office address can be filed in Form INC-2 only.  Any change in situation of the registered office thereafter, the company is required to notify to Registrar in Form INC-22 within fifteen days of such change.

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INTEGRATED INCORPORATION FORM INC – 29


Form INC-29 deals with the single application for reservation of name, incorporation of a new company and/or application for allotment of DIN. This Form is accompanied by supporting documents including details of Directors & subscribers, MoA and AoA etc. Once the Form is processed and found complete, company would registered and CIN would be allocated. Also DINs gets issued to the proposed Directors who do not have a valid DIN. Maximum three Directors are allowed for using this integrated form for allotment of DIN while incorporating a company.

Select the type of proposed company under drop-down provided. Producer Company should be selected only in case company complies with the provisions of Part IXA of the Companies Act, 1956. Incorporation of a charitable company under section 8 and company defined under chapter XXI of the Companies Act, 2013 are not facilitated under this integrated incorporation form.

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