Category Archives: Companies Act 2013

Post written on the provisions of the (Indian) Companies Act, 2013 and matter incidental thereto

Ease to surrender DIN


Now, Ministry of Corporate Affairs introduced relatively easy and online e – form for surrendering director identification.

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Application for removal of Name of Company


Application for removal of name of the companies from the register of companies maintained by Company registrars has legal roots in Sub – section (2) of Section 248 of the Companies Act, 2013 as discussed earlier here. Rule 4 of the Companies (Removal of Names of Companies from the Register of Companies) Rules, 2016 deals with its procedural aspects. We will discuss Rule 4 in this post. Continue reading

Show Cause Notices for Suo-motu strike off of company


In earlier post here, we discussed law relating to suo-motu removal of name of company from the register of companies of the Registrar of companies. Recently, Registrar of Companies posted strike off notices in bulk of companies seems eligible for suo-motu strike off. When Government is claiming it a strike on shell companies, such notices received mixed reaction. Public notices are also published by almost all Registrar of Companies. One can access these public notices here.

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Suo-motu Removal of name of company


Suo-motu removal of name of the companies from the register of companies maintained by Company registrars is legal roots in Sub – section (1) of Section 248 of the Companies Act, 2013 as discussed earlier here in its original form and its amendment by the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2015 as discusses thereafter. Rule 3 of the Companies (Removal of Names of Companies from the Register of Companies) Rules, 2016 deals with its procedural aspects. We will discuss Rule 3 in this post.

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Specified Banks Notes – Amendment in Companies Law


Ministry of corporate affairs inserted a clause (d) in rule 11 of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules, 2014. The Companies (Audit and Auditors) Amendment Rules, 2017 was published in official gazette on 30th March 2017 and came into force from that date.

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Amendment in MBP Rules


Ministry of Corporate affairs amended the Companies (Meetings of Boards and its powers) Rules, 2014. The Companies (Meetings of Boards and its Powers) Amendments Rules, 2017 was published in official gazette on 30th March 2017 and came into force on that date itself.

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RETINA SIGNATURE – REPLACING DIGITAL SIGNATURES


Bye – Bye Digital Signature Certificates!!

Inter – ministerial task force on secured authentication of legal documents actively discussing retina signatures which next logical step after introduction of biometric identification system in India. Indian mainstream media undermined these reports amid its stir on recent development in Uttar Pradesh.

Under critically proactive leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi an inter-ministerial task force was formed just after demonetization to consider digital cash, digital contracts and digitization of legal and court documents. The task force includes highly places officers of Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Law & Justice, Ministry of Information Technology, Unique Identification Authority of India, Ministry of Health & Family welfare. Highly placed sources suggest that a prime intelligence agency of nation is also involved and getting help from an agency of a friendly foreign nation.

Retina signature is a unique technique developed by a research group consist of countries premier medical colleges and information technology universities. This is quite advance technique user shall sign just showing his retina to camera attached to his laptop, mobile or desktop. This futuristic system shall replace token based digital signature certificate and can be used anytime anywhere by anybody. Though, it will be restricted presently for human need, this technique is so advance that it can be even be used by advance animals using their retina. Retina signature will eradicate need for renewal of digital signature certificates. This technology provides lifelong free signatures subject to good health and maintenance of retina. Any kind of file type may be signed using retina signature.

Retina is third and inner coat of eye which is a light-sensitive layer of tissue. The unique structure of the blood vessels in the retina has been used for biometric identification. Changes in the retinal microcirculation are seen with aging, exposure to air pollution and may indicate cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension and atherosclerosis.

In proposed methodology, a user shall place his eyes before camera of his mobile or laptop when a document to be signed should be opened before him on same device. It is also possible to sign a documents placed in another device. The retina signature shall capture bio-metrics of retina, system time, internet protocol address and geo-positioning of signatory. Once, signed there shall be no removal of signature from the documents shall be possible unless authorized by competent authority, which shall be a civil judge.

As usual, human right activists are planning to oppose the move. Activists argue that scrupulous elements and police authorities may get retina signature using force and other means. However, government authority denies any such possibilities. The task force working on modalities to make it happened in case blind, mentally challenged and otherwise unhealthy people.

A copy of relevant study document may be assessed here on or after 1st April.