Tag Archives: The Companies Act 2013

Effective Provisions of the Companies Amendment Act 2017 w.e.f. 13 June 2018


With Four Notifications; S.O. 351(E) dated 23rd January 2018, S.O. 630(E) dated 9th February 2018, S.O. 1833(E) dated 7th May 2018 and S.O. 2422(E) dated 13th June 2018 most provisions of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2017 (1 of 2018) come into force. Here is a bird’s eye view.

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WARRANT THE FINANCIAL SWEETENER


In an earlier post here, we discussed warrant in corporate law and Securities law. In another post here we discussed, we discussed issues related to Share warrant and bottle neck making it impossible to issue share warrant as we know in corporate law. In this post we will discuss warrant as in securities law.

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AMENDMENT: Administration of CSR


In a post earlier here, we discussed provisions of Section 135 read with rule 4 of the Companies (Corporate Social Responsibility Policy) Rules, 2014 regarding Administration of Corporate Social Responsibility Policy. Sub – rule (2) of rule 4 allow board of directors of a company to choose among various options, a better option to administer the CSR Policy. This rule 4(2) was slightly amended by the Companies (Corporate Social Responsibility Policy) Amendment Rules, 2015. We discussed those amendment rules earlier here.

Now, a gazetted notification published on 23rd May 2016 in Official Gazette of India, which came into force from same date; amend sub – rule (2) of rule 4.

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SHARE WARRANT – BEARER INSTRUMENT


In last post, we discussed meaning of warrant in with particular reference to share warrant. There are two questions pertinent to issue of share warrant:

  1. May Share Warrants be issued under the Companies Act, 2013 as fresh securities without pre – existence of underlying shares? or
  2. May share warrants be issued under the Companies Act, 2013 as conversion of underlying shares already existence?

In this post, we will discuss these questions.

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WARRANT vs WARRANT


In simple dictionary meaning warrant is to make particular activity necessary. In criminal law, warrant is term clearly defined term meaning a legal document permitting an action by authority and making its compliance necessary to the person named therein. In corporate and financial word, warrant is an instrument with different meaning at different financial and legal jurisdiction. In this post, we will discuss these meaning of warrant with reference to Share Warrant.

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Directorship within limit


Ministry of Corporate Affairs issued an advertisement (a Public Notice) in newspapers asking all directors to bring down number of their directorship to the permissible limit as prescribed under Section 165 of the Companies Act, 2013.

“All such individual who are holding directorship in more than, the limit of number of companies prescribed per the aforesaid mentioned provisions of the Act, are hereby notified to bring down the number of their directorship to / below the permissible limits as also prefer compounding application before the competent authority in terms of Section 621A of the Companies Act, 1956 within 30 days hereof and get the offence compounded. In case of non – compliance with the above directions, the jurisdictional ROC will initiate prosecution without further individual notices to them.”

In this blog post, we will discuss this Public Notice and applicable provisions.

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RELAXATION OF ADDITIONAL FEES AND EXTENSION OF LAST DATE OF FILING


Compliance of Indian corporate law is a big issue for its stakeholders. Successive government here talk about ease of doing business and do mammoth task to achieve it with confusion related to directions.

The Companies Act, 2013 followed by end numbers of Companies Rules and their amendment rules was not enough; Ministry of Corporate Affairs launched V2R2 through its high profile contractor Infosys. Now, we have another circular to get some “ease of doing relaxation”. We will discuss short term circular here.

General Circular 03/2016 dated 12th April 2016 aims to Relaxation of additional fees and extension of last date of filing of various e-Forms under the Companies Act, 2013. The circular read as under:

“This ministry has launched V2R2 on 28th March, 2016, downtime was given to Infosys from 25th March 2016 to 27th March, 2016, since the launch of the system, a number of stakeholders have faced issues and representations have been received from stakeholders to resolve the issue including, for allowing waiver of additional till the new system stabilizes.

In view of the above, it has been decided to relax the additional fee payable on e- forms which are due for filing by companies between 25th March 2016 to 30th April 2016 as one time waiver of additional fee and it is also clarified to stakeholders if such due e – forms are filed after 10.05.2016, no such relaxation shall be allowed.

This issues with the approval of the competent authority.”

This circular has many communications to its stakeholders. Most read is, “Forms due for filing during period between 25th March, 2016 to 30th April, 2016 may be filed without additional fee till 10th May 2016”.

The circular contain other interpretation and information:

  • Ministry launched V2R2 system and replacing earlier filing system. A simple Google search suggests it as a system developed by IBM.
  • Downtime allowed to Infosys was from 25th March 2016 to 27th March, 2016.
  • Among other representations, for allowing waiver of additional till the new system stabilizes, was one and prominent.
  • Ministry seems to take no blame on itself.
  • System may take more time which may not be before 30th April 2016.
  • System may have practical trial for first 10 days in month of May.
  • Heavy filing may be there in May second half and thereafter  plan accordingly.
  • Start up India can wait as presently MCA is on trial for it.

It is advisable, not to file any document related to companies without assuming own risk.

This circular does not talk about Limited Liability Companies, to keep trying and assume own risk. 

I have just a request with government (please read bureaucracy, Not PM Modi), please understand compliance calendar of stakeholders. December to February may be best time to experiment.

Please note: This blog invite readers to share their comments, suggestions, hardship, queries and everything in comment section. This blog post is not a professional advice but just a knowledge sharing initiative for mutual discussion.

PROPOSED AMENDMENT: ASSOCIATE COMPANY


Government recently introduced the Companies (Amendment) Bill, 2016 to the Companies Act, 2013 proposes thirteen amendments in Section 2 related to definitions. Definition clauses always need contextual reading. Now, we will discuss these amendments in definitions.

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CARO 2016


The Companies (Auditor’s Report) Order, 2016 is notified on 29th March 2016 in supersession of the Companies (Auditor’s Report) Order, 2015 published in the Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II, Section 3, Sub-section (ii), vide number S.O. 990 (E), dated the 10th April, 2015, except as respects things done or omitted to be done before such supersession.
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Double Removal of Difficulties Orders


In a rare gesture, Ministry of Corporate Affairs notified two orders for Removal of Difficulty on same date.  I have no legal understanding for the requirement of two separate orders, except little drafting hurdle of combined order for its statement of reason or preamble.

Now, we will discuss both orders here.

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CENTRALISED PROCESSING OF COMPANY INCORPORATION


One of the biggest concerns among stakeholders related to incorporation of companies in India was diverse practices across Company Registrar Offices related to documentation. There was a joke that Registrar Offices colour of ink using which documents should be signed, which will otherwise be scanned in black. All this was due to different interpretation of relatively simple laws related to incorporation. It was learned that Institute of Company Secretaries of India initiated for discussion across registrar offices and professionals to bring consensus among registrar offices. Many time Registrar transferred from one offices to another bring their local practise to another jurisdiction or adopt new one, keeping aside own interpretation. Without any doubt, majority of visit to Registrar Offices was related to incorporation only.

This year bring a welcome change. New financial year will be new as far as company incorporation is concern. Even though, I still see opportunity for more reform.

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Triggering Unlimited Liability for Members


Recently introduced amendment bill to the Companies Act, 2013 propose to reintroduce unlimited liability for members in certain cases. Though, similar provision was there in earlier in the companies Act, 1956; I have no intention to go into history; but to examine this provision in light of justice and equity.

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INVESTOR EDUCATION AND PROTECTION FUND AUTHORITY


Investor Education and Protection Fund Authority established under Section 125(5) of the Companies Act, 2013 is an authority to administer for administration of Investor Education and Protection Fund established under Section 125(1) of the Act. Operating provisions of Section 125 are not force, but recently a Notification S.O. 125(E) dated 13th January 2016 notified part of this Section to be effective with effect from 13th January 2016. Consequently, Ministry of Corporate Affairs also put a draft notification for the Investor Education and Protection Fund Authority (Appointment of Chairperson and Members, holding of meetings and provision for offices and officers) Rules, 2016. In this post, we discuss the Notification and these Rules.

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CENTRAL REGISTRATION CENTRE AND AMENDMENT IN COMPANY INCORPORATION RULES


Central Registration of companies is under consideration since long and is being considered on different forums. The Central Government silently launched a pilot project for setting of Central Registry for companies in India. This should initiate more actively by all interest groups to avoid any future concern, as happened in case of companies. In this post, we will discuss notification setting the Central Registration Centre and corresponding amendment in the Companies (Incorporation) Rules 2014.

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OMNIBUS APPROVAL FOR RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS


Ministry of corporate Affairs issued a notification dated 14th December 2015 and published here in the Gazette of India dated 15th December 2015 regarding amendment in the Companies (Meetings of Board and its Power) Rules 2014.

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Meetings of Board and its Power: Second Amendment Rules


Ministry of corporate Affairs issued a notification dated 14th December 2015 and published here in the Gazette of India dated 15th December 2015 regarding amendment in the Companies (Meetings of Board and its Power) Rules 2014.

The Companies (Meetings of Board and its Power) Second Amendment Rules, 2015 (i) inserts a new Rule 6A, (ii) omit present Rule 10 and (iii) amend present Rule 15(3).

We will discuss newly inserted Rule 6A in a future post. In this post we bill discuss other two amendments in very brief way.

Loan to Directors

We have discussed now omitted Rule 10 earlier here. These rules became redundant after the Company (Amendment) Act, 2015 as discussed earlier here. Hence, it is deleted.

Amendment in Rule 15

We have discussed Rule 15 earlier here. There is a minor but very important amendment in Rule 15(3). In rule 15, in sub-rule (3), for the words “special resolution”, wherever they occur, the word “resolution” shall be substituted.

This amendment is in line with the amendment in Section 188 by the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2015 discussed earlier here.

This has a very significant effect and dilutes corporate governance to certain level. This cut power of non – promoter investors whether they are indigenous investors or foreign investors.

Please note: This blog invite readers to share their comments, suggestions, hardship, queries and everything in comment section. This blog post is not a professional advice but just a knowledge sharing initiative for mutual discussion.

REPORTING OF FRAUD


Ministry of corporate Affairs issued a notification dated 14th December 2015 and published here in the Gazette of India dated 15th December 2015 regarding amendment in the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules, 2014.

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Remaining Part of Companies Amendment Act became Effective


A gazette notification posted here on official website of the Gazette of India and posted on website of Ministry of Corporate Affairs says that Section 13 and Section 14 of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2015 came into force with effect from 14th December 2015. The official language of notification read, “The Central Government hereby appoints the 14th day of December, 2015 as the date on which the provisions of section 13 and 14 of the said Act shall come into force.”

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MGT – 7 (v. 17Nov2015)


We live in a changing world; corporate world changing fast and Indian Corporate Law fastest. A draft of the Companies (Management and Administration) third Amendment Rules, 2015 dated 16th November 2015, which is pending for publication in Official Gazette of India amend the version of form MGT -7 once again. Though these amendment rules are not available in official gazette, new version of form MGT – 7 is made available on the MCA21 portal for filing.

Note: MGT – 7 Version 17th November 2015 is being used for writing this post. Earlier posts here and here are only historic relevance now.

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That Audit Report


Indian corporate world was shocked and corporate governance became a question when on 20th October 2014, M/s. R. H. Modi  & Co., Chartered

Public Notice by Auditors

Public Notice by Auditors

Accountants, auditor of C. Mahendra Exports Limited published a public notice in newspaper. It was alleged that the company “in a complete illegal and malafide manner filed, uploaded and circulated the Annual Report with the financial results of the company for financial year 2014 – 15 and the auditor report dated 7th September 2015 purported that the financial statements have been audited and Auditors Report signed by us (M/s. R. H. Modi  & Co., Chartered Accountants).

The auditor in this public notice claimed that these financial statements have not been finalised and audited by them. The auditor claimed that despite their strong objection to the passing of company’s account in their present form, the same have been passed by the shareholders of the company in annual general meeting held on 26th September 2015.

The company filed its clarification before stock exchanges, which is available in site of Bombay Stock Exchange here and site of National Stock Exchange here. The company not only stated facts from their side but also raised several questions on point of law.

According to facts mentioned by the company, Managing Director and Statutory Auditors did not sign the financial statements and Auditors Report. The company presented following interesting queries:

  1. Can the auditor refuse to sign the auditor’s report due to dispute between the promoters?
  2. Can the Auditor not sign the Audit Report if the MD does not sign the accounts?

Fully clarification written by the company is worth academic reading.

This blog does not want to discuss on the matter which may soon go to inquiry by relevant professional bodies and regulators. However, development on this matter may be of academic interests.

Reply by Company P.1

Reply by Company P.1

Reply by Company P.2

Reply by Company P.2

Reply by Company P.3

Reply by Company P.3