Tag Archives: Companies Act 2013

KASHMIR AND THE COMPANIES ACT


The Monday 5th August 2019 witnessed a powerful and joyful celebration of Indian Unity and also an unfortunate revelation of various misconceptions of minds of thousands of Indians. Social media witnessed the flow of social and legal bias established by the most lethal weapon of human history – the half-knowledge. Soon, overflowing sentiments overpowered the knowledge, understanding and interpretation even of well dignified professional minds.

A section of professionals claimed that the Indian Companies Act, 2013 shall now be applicable to state (now Union Territory) of Jammu and Kashmir. Strange!!

We will try to remove the misconception of mind here.

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Corporate Law – Post Election


Unless a general election is crucial there is no purpose to conduct such a huge exercise. The best part of democracy is to give the opportunity for new ideas. Without going to any political prediction we will discuss possible post-election scenario after 23rd May 2019. This may help us to be prepared for the volatility of corporate law in India.

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Out of Sahara Blues


Finally government tries to come out of Sahara Blues. Government earlier was in pressure to put corporate governance in place among private companies and tried well. Thereafter, industry lobby (read as vested interests among “promoters” and “professionals”) started pleaded mercy for all “otherwise honest players”.

Government initiated it journey with exemption notifications and now bring this amendment rules.

The Companies (Audit and Auditors) Second Amendment Rules, 2017 is interesting in more than one way. Statistically, this exemption will benefit only selected big players among private companies in India and their auditors.

Section 139(2) of the Companies Act, 2013 reads, “No listed company or a company belonging to such class or classes of companies as may be prescribed, shall appoint or re-appoint—

(a) an individual as auditor for more than one term of five consecutive years; and

(b) an audit firm as auditor for more than two terms of five consecutive years.”

Rule 5 of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules 2014 before present amendments reads, “for the purposes of sub-section (2) of section 139, the class of companies shall mean the following classes of companies excluding one person companies and small companies:-

(a) all unlisted public companies having paid up share capital of rupees ten crore or more;

(b) all private limited companies having paid up share capital of rupees twenty crore or more;

(c) all companies having paid up share capital of below threshold limit mentioned in (a) and (b) above, but having public borrowings from financial institutions, banks or public deposits of rupees fifty crores or more.”

Now, the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Second Amendment Rules, 2017, amend clause (b) of rule 5. The amendment rules reads, “in the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules, 2014, in rule 5, in clause (b), for the word “twenty”, the word “fifty” shall be substituted.

This amendment rules increase threshold limit for rotation of auditors for private companies by a good 150%.

As number of companies and auditors is not much, it may not affect stakeholders significantly but our commitment towards corporate governance.

 

Ease to surrender DIN


Now, Ministry of Corporate Affairs introduced relatively easy and online e – form for surrendering director identification.

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Amendment in Buyback Law


The Ministry of Corporate Affairs bring out two draft notifications to be published in Official Gazette of India to amend the Act by a draft order under proviso to Section 68(2)(d) and by a draft amendment in the Companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Rules, 2014.

Post Buyback Debt – Equity Ratio:

As we discussed earlier here, Section 68(2)(d) read as under:

“The ratio of the aggregate of secured and unsecured debts owed by the company after buy-back is not more than twice the paid-up capital and its free reserves:

Provided that the Central Government may, by order, notify a higher ratio of the debt to capital and free reserves for a class or classes of companies;”

Now draft notification read as under:

In exercise of the powers conferred under the proviso to clause (d) of sub-section (2) of section 68 of the Companies Act, 2013, the Central Government has notified that –

The debt to capital and free reserves ratio shall be 6:1 for government companies within the meaning of clause (45) of Section 2 of the Companies Act, 2013 which carry on Non Banking Finance Institution activities and Housing Finance activities.

This order give effect that for all companies post buyback Debt Equity Ratio shall be 2:1 except government companies which are Non banking Finance companies or Housing Finance companies.

Unaudited Accounts limited reviewed:

As we discussed earlier here, Rule 17(1)(n)(iii) of the companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Rules, 2014 read as under:

“That the audited accounts on the basis of which calculation with reference to buy back is done is not more than six months old from the date of offer document;”

The draft of the companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Amendment Rules 2016 insert following proviso to this sub – clause:

“Provided that where the audited accounts are more than six months old, the calculations with reference to buy back shall be on the basis of un-audited accounts not older than six months from the date of offer document which are subjected to limited review by the auditors of the company.”

This is a removal of practical difficulty. Due to present clause, for practical purpose buyback resolution is possible only within six month from date of audited annual account. Now, buyback resolution may be possible any time on the basis of unaudited accounts limited reviewed by the auditors of the company.

Please note: This blog invite readers to share their comments, suggestions, hardship, queries and everything in comment section. This blog post is not a professional advice but just a knowledge sharing initiative for mutual discussion.

Reflection of Political Brotherhood in Law


When followers of two major Indian Political parties are using abusive language for mothers and others of opponent, their “leaders united” is working for their brotherhood causes silently, continuously and legally. One of the most popular narrative from both political side on social media claims, media do not show “their” truth. Here, we will discuss one aspect of this year’s budget unreported in conventional media.

We have discussed two year earlier here on 31st March 2014 Foreign Donation to political parties.

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POLITICAL SURRENDER OF THE COMPANIES LAW COMMITTEE


On 1st February 2016, Ministry of Corporate Affairs uploaded the report of Companies Law Committee on its website here. In 7th post on this report, we will discuss political surrender and failure to deliberate up to its mandate by the committee. Indian Investors need immediate public discussion and required to make their suggestion to government for better disclosures based regime in political contributions by companies.

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REPORT OF THE COMPANIES LAW COMMITTEE – 5


On 1st February 2016, Ministry of Corporate Affairs uploaded the report of Companies Law Committee on its website here. In 5th post on this report, we will discuss recommendations of the committee related to Auditors, Directors, Independent Directors, etc.

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REPORT OF THE COMPANIES LAW COMMITTEE – 3


On 1st February 2016, Ministry of Corporate Affairs uploaded the report of Companies Law Committee on its website here. In 3rd post on this report, we will discuss recommendations of the committee related to Incorporation and allotment of capital securities.

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REPORT OF THE COMPANIES LAW COMMITTEE – 2


On 1st February 2016, Ministry of Corporate Affairs uploaded the report of Companies Law Committee on its website here. In second post on this report, we will discuss recommendations of the committee related to Definitions in the Companies Act, 2013.

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COMPANY SECRETARY – REPORT of THE COMPANIES LAW COMMITTEE


On 1st February 2016, Ministry of Corporate Affairs uploaded the report of Companies Law Committee on its website here. In this post, I will discuss recommendations which might affect Company Secretaries.

Before reading further, I would like to disclose that I was part of two groups; Task Force on Companies Law and Research Group on Companies Law constituted by the Institute of Company Secretaries of India. All view here are personal and not of these groups or ICSI.

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National Herald and the Companies Act, 2013


National Herald was a newspaper and is a building and, for most political activist on social media, a case by a politician against its rivals.

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Resident and Residential Address


Form – DIR – 3 of the Companies (Appointment and Qualification of Directors) Rules, 2014, asked strange information therein – 5 – Whether (applicant is) resident in India – yes or no (radio button). Any person filing and certifying the form should be confirm what is asked and what is purpose? Whether permanent residential address or present resident address has any relation with resident status? What is definition of these terms; Resident Status, Permanent Residential Address and Present Residential Address?

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NIDHI COMPANIES UNDER COMPANIES LAW


Nidhi is a special class of companies under the Companies Act 2013. Sub – Section (1) of Section 406 define Nidhi. “Nidhi” means a company which has been incorporated as a Nidhi with the object of cultivating the habit of thrift and savings amongst its members, receiving deposits from, and lending to, its members only, for their mutual benefit, and which complies with such rules as are prescribed by the Central Government for regulation of such class of companies.

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EXEMPTION TO PRIVATE COMPANIES


On 5th June 2015, Ministry of Corporate Affairs posted here a draft notification to be published in Official Gazette announcing some exemption to Private Companies.

As there is no effective date is announced in the Notification, this notification shall come into effect on the date of its publication in the Official Gazette.

[UPDATE 20th June 2015: MCA uploaded copy of Official Gazette dated 5th June 2015, in which this Notification is published. Meaning that; These exemption came into force from that date]

The Notification is issued in exercise of power conferred by Clauses (a) and (b) of Sub – section (1) of 462 read with sub –section (2) of said section of the Companies Act, 2013. A copy of this notification has been laid in draft before both Houses of Parliament as required by sub-section (2) of section 462 of the Companies Act, 2013.

Paragraph 2 of the Notification cast a condition on the Private Companies:

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EXEMPTION TO GOVERNMENT COMPANIES


On 5th June 2015, Ministry of Corporate Affairs posted here a draft notification to be published in Official Gazette announcing some exemption to Not for profit Companies.

As there is no effective date is announced in the Notification, this notification shall come into effect on the date of its publication in the Official Gazette.

[UPDATE 19th June 2015: MCA uploaded copy of Official Gazette dated 5th June 2015, in which this Notification is published. Meaning that; These exemption came into force from that date]

The Notification is issued in exercise of power conferred by Clauses (a) and (b) of Sub – section (1) and sub – section (2) of 462 of the Companies Act, 2013. A copy of this notification has been laid in draft before both Houses of Parliament as required by sub-section (2) of section 462 of the Companies Act, 2013.

Paragraph 2 of the Notification cast a condition on the Government Companies:

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EXEMPTION TO NON PROFIT COMPANIES


On 5th June 2015, Ministry of Corporate Affairs posted here a draft notification to be published in Official Gazette announcing some exemption to Not for profit Companies.

As there is no effective date is announced in the Notification, this notification shall come into effect on the date of its publication in the Official Gazette.

[UPDATE 19th June 2015: MCA uploaded copy of Official Gazette dated 5th June 2015, in which this Notification is published. Meaning that; These exemption came into force from that date.]

The Notification is issued in exercise of power conferred by Clauses (a) and (b) of Sub – section (1) and sub – section (2) of 462 read with Section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013. A copy of this notification has been laid in draft before both Houses of Parliament as required by sub-section (2) of section 462 of the Companies Act, 2013.

Paragraph 2 of the Notification cast a condition on the Not for Profit Companies:

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EXEMPTION TO NIDHI COMPANIES


On 5th June 2015, Ministry of Corporate Affairs posted here a draft notification to be published in Official Gazette announcing some exemption to Nidhi Companies.

As there is no effective date is announced in the Notification, this notification shall come into effect on the date of its publication in the Official Gazette.

[UPDATE 19th June 2015: MCA uploaded copy of Official Gazette dated 5th June 2015, in which this Notification is published. Meaning that; These exemption came into force from that date.]

The Notification is issued in exercise of power conferred by Clauses (a) and (b) of Sub – section 462 read with Section 406 of the Companies Act, 2013. A copy of this notification has been laid in draft before both Houses of Parliament as required by sub-section (2) of section 462 of the Companies Act, 2013.

Paragraph 2 of the Notification cast a condition on the Nidhi Companies:

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Commencement of Business Suspended


Yes, you rightly read. Commencement of business suspended. One of fellow professional colleague told me with exclamation!!

Ministry of Corporate affairs few days ago announced about launch of updated versions of few forms including Form INC – 21 which is a declaration required to be filed before commencement of business or exercising borrowing powers. But suddenly stakeholders found that while updated version of all other forms is there, there was no Form INC – 21 on the portal.

A statement issued just said that due to deletion of Section 11 of the Companies Act, 2013 by relevant section of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2015, which came into force on or before there is no requirement of Form INC – 21 remain. Earlier, the companies (Incorporation) Second Amendment Rules 2015 were also notified.  The Form was removed from MCA 21 Portal on date 4th June 2015. By virtue of commencement of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2015, this date legally is 29th May 2015.

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YEAR’S SECOND AMENDMENT IN REGISTRATION OFFICES AND FEES RULES


The Ministry of Corporate Affairs placed here on its website a draft of the Companies (Registration Offices and Fees) Second Amendment Rules, 2015. These amendment Rules will come into force from the date of its publication in Official Gazette.

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