Tag Archives: Private Company

Limited vs Private Limited Company


 

I receive a question on Quora which may interest readers of this Blog. The question is –

What is the difference between limited company & private limited company?

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EXEMPTION TO PRIVATE COMPANIES


On 5th June 2015, Ministry of Corporate Affairs posted here a draft notification to be published in Official Gazette announcing some exemption to Private Companies.

As there is no effective date is announced in the Notification, this notification shall come into effect on the date of its publication in the Official Gazette.

[UPDATE 20th June 2015: MCA uploaded copy of Official Gazette dated 5th June 2015, in which this Notification is published. Meaning that; These exemption came into force from that date]

The Notification is issued in exercise of power conferred by Clauses (a) and (b) of Sub – section (1) of 462 read with sub –section (2) of said section of the Companies Act, 2013. A copy of this notification has been laid in draft before both Houses of Parliament as required by sub-section (2) of section 462 of the Companies Act, 2013.

Paragraph 2 of the Notification cast a condition on the Private Companies:

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MCA introduces Limited Purpose Independent Director in private companies


An amendment rules notified by MCA introduces concept of limited purpose independent director in private companies. Government is amending existing Companies (Corporate Social Responsibility Policy) Rules, 2014. These rules are being criticised by various eminent jurist for trying to undermine authority of Section 135 of the Companies Act, 2013. Sub – Section (1) of Section 135 mandate for at least one independent director in every company whether it is private or public company. Existing Rule 5 of CSR rules tries to undermine this provision of Section 135 by saying “an unlisted public company or a private company covered under sub-section (1) of section 135 which is not required to appoint an independent director pursuant to sub-section (4) of section 149 of the Act, shall have its CSR Committee without such director”. A rule being subordinate legislation has no constitutional authority to change a provision of the Act.

Amended Clause (i) of Sub – Rule (1) of Rule 5 reads, “an unlisted public company or a private company covered under sub-section (1) of section 135 shall have an independent director for being member of its CSR Committee and such independent director shall have no other duty, obligation and responsibility under the Act.” Consequently, Clause (i) of Sub – Rule (1) of Rule 5 also been deleted.

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THE COMPANIES AMENDMENT BILL 2014: PART 1 OF 3


The Companies Amendment Bill 2014 has been introduced and passed in Lok Sabha recently. This blog post has intention to analyse proposed changes in the Companies Act 2013.

Most important massage, this amendment prepares a best case for drafting skill development programmes in India. I am reading here this Bill clause by clause. This will be a three part series and part 1 of 3 is present here.

To amend clauses (68), (71) of Section 2 and Section 11 of the said Act to omit the requirement for minimum paid-up share capital [Clause 2 and 4 of the Amendment Bill]:

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CONVERSION OF PRIVATE COMPANY INTO ONE PERSON COMPANY


Section 18 of the Companies Act 2013 discussed earlier here talk about conversion of companies. In Rule 7 of the Companies (Incorporation) Rules 2014 list out formalities for conversion of a private company into a one person company.

A private company other than a company registered under section 8 of the Act having paid up share capital of fifty lakhs rupees or less or average annual turnover during the relevant period is two crore rupees or less may convert itself into one person company by passing a special resolution in the general meeting. [Rule 7(1)]

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FORMATION OF A COMPANY


UPDATE: on 30th August 2013: Companies Bill 2012 became the Companies Act, 2013 (Act 18 of 2013).

Section 3, 4 and 5 of the Companies Bill, 2012 Act 2013

In my last post, I discussed definition of companies and classes.

FORMATION OF COMPANY (SECTION 3):

A company may be formed for any lawful purpose by:

(a)    Seven or more persons as public company;

(b)   Two or more persons as private company;

(c)    One person as One Person Company

By subscribing names to a memorandum and complying other requirements.

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The Company under the Companies Act 2013


UPDATE: on 30th August 2013: Companies Bill 2012 became the Companies Act, 2013 (Act 18 of 2013).

This is my first post after passing of the Companies Bill, 2012 by Rajya Sabha on 8th August 2013. Lok Sabha have already passed this Bill, earlier on 18th December 2012. The Bill is just one signature away from being an Act or two-three step away from come to be in forced by Notification.

Here, I try to study briefly some definitions related to companies under present Bill [Now the Companies Act, 2013]. Readers may please add their inputs in comment section of this post.

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