The Companies (Amendment) Act 2017 increased importance of compounding of offence manifold. Section 90 of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2017 read with notification Notification S. O. 630(E) dated 9th February 2018 amended law related to compounding with effect from that date. However, provision of Section 441, as amended, of the Companies Act, 2013 gain momentum with notification Notification S.O. 1833(E) dated 7th May 2018. This notification notified amendment in Section 403. Most compounding application comes due to the late filing of forms constituting the violation of Section 403. Continue reading
The Companies Act, 2013 like most other laws dealing with offences did not have any scheme to determine the level of punishment. This is always the discretionary power of a court to determine a punishment within minimum (if any) and maximum punishment provided under law. Presently, the legislature and executives of the country want to control discretionary powers of the third organ – judiciary to all possible extent. Though discretion may result in higher corruption, subordinate courts governed by precedents and do very little use of discretion. The companies Amendment Act, 2017 introduces new Sections 446A to guide the discretionary powers. Amount of fine and/or imprisonment also reduced in several cases.
Since our earlier discussion earlier here on law related to Special Courts, there are several new special courts have been notified. Here is an updated list of special courts as on date.
Central Government by a notification published in Official Gazette on 18th May 2016 appointed the 18th day of May, 2016 as the date on which the provisions of clause (iv) of sub-section (29) of section 2, sections 435 to 438 (both sections inclusive) and section 440 of the Companies Act, 2016 shall come into force. These provisions deal with Special Courts under Chapter XXVIII of the Companies Act, 2013. Even though, we have already discussed these provisions originally earlier here and with amendment here, it may be beneficial to have these notified sections in this post again.
In an interesting read Pratik Datta point out working of MCA under the Companies Act 2013. Please read:
Within the Central Government, the administration of the Companies Act, 1956, had been entrusted with the MCA through the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961. Interestingly, these Rules have not yet been updated to include administration of Companies Act, 2013 under the purview of MCA.