Category Archives: Chapter XXVIII – CA2013



The Companies (Amendment) Act 2017 increased importance of compounding of offence manifold. Section 90 of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2017 read with notification Notification S. O. 630(E) dated 9th February 2018 amended law related to compounding with effect from that date. However, provision of Section 441, as amended, of the Companies Act, 2013 gain momentum with notification Notification S.O. 1833(E) dated 7th May 2018. This notification notified amendment in Section 403. Most compounding application comes due to the late filing of forms constituting the violation of Section 403. Continue reading


Determination of Punishment

The Companies Act, 2013 like most other laws dealing with offences did not have any scheme to determine the level of punishment. This is always the discretionary power of a court to determine a punishment within minimum (if any) and maximum punishment provided under law. Presently, the legislature and executives of the country want to control discretionary powers of the third organ – judiciary to all possible extent. Though discretion may result in higher corruption, subordinate courts governed by precedents and do very little use of discretion. The companies Amendment Act, 2017 introduces new Sections 446A to guide the discretionary powers. Amount of fine and/or imprisonment also reduced in several cases.

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List of special courts – Companies Act 2013

Since our earlier discussion earlier here on law related to Special Courts, there are several new special courts have been notified. Here is an updated list of special courts as on date.

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Special Courts

Central Government by a notification published in Official Gazette on 18th May 2016 appointed the 18th day of May, 2016 as the date on which the provisions of clause (iv) of sub-section (29) of section 2, sections 435 to 438 (both sections inclusive) and section 440 of the Companies Act, 2016 shall come into force. These provisions deal with Special Courts under Chapter XXVIII of the Companies Act, 2013. Even though, we have already discussed these provisions originally earlier here and with amendment here, it may be beneficial to have these notified sections in this post again.

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Part of Companies Amendment Act became Effective

A draft notification posted here on website of Ministry of Corporate Affairs says that Section 1 to 12 and Section 15 to 23 of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2015 came into force with effect from 29th May 2015. The official language of notification read, “the Central Government hereby appoints the 296 May, 2015 as the date on which the provisions of sections 1 to 12 and 15 to 23 of the said Act shall come into force.” The Amendment Act was got presidential assent and notified by Ministry of Law and Justice as such on 26th May 2015 in official gazette.

Two sections not notified yet deals with Fraud Reporting Procedure [Section 13 amending Section 143 of Principal Act] and Related Party Transactions [Section 14 amending Section 177 of Principal Act]. This is understood that Rules related to these sections are in drafting process.

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The Companies Amendment Bill 2014 has been introduced and passed in Lok Sabha recently. This blog post has intention to analyse proposed changes in the Companies Act 2013.

Most important massage, this amendment prepares a best case for drafting skill development programmes in India. I am reading here this Bill clause by clause. This will be a three part series and part 2 of 3 is present here.

To amend sub-section (1) of section 188 of the said Act to exempt related party transactions between holding companies and wholly owned subsidiaries (WOS) from the requirement of approval of non-related shareholders [Section 16 of the Amendment Bill]

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Powerless Circulars

In an interesting read Pratik Datta point out working of MCA under the Companies Act 2013. Please read:

Within the Central Government, the administration of the Companies Act, 1956, had been entrusted with the MCA through the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961. Interestingly, these Rules have not yet been updated to include administration of Companies Act, 2013 under the purview of MCA.

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Special courts are one most commendable constitute introduced by this Act. This is trend recently to constitute special courts for every single legal constitute. The main reason for establishment of such special court is technicalities involved in these technical matters.

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