Category Archives: Chapter VII – CA2013

MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION

Seeking information of Significant Beneficial Ownership


Section 90 of the Companies Act 2013 substituted by a new set of law. It is a drastic change to understand and need urgent attention for all companies. Amended Section 90 and rules made thereunder has already been notified with effect from 13th June 2018 and 14th June 2018. The significant deadline is on 12th September 2018. Earlier, we discussed Significant Beneficial Interest, declaration, register and return related thereto here and here. Seeking a declaration from a significant Beneficial Ownership is debatable otherwise but the law provides some remedies discussed in this post.

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Declaration by Significant Beneficial Owner


Section 90 of the Companies Act 2013 substituted by a new set of law. It is a drastic change to understand and need urgent attention for all companies. Amended Section 90 and rules made thereunder has already been notified with effect from 13th June 2018 and 14th June 2018. The deadline is on 12th September 2018. In last post here, we discussed Significant Beneficial Interest. In this post, we will discuss the declaration, register and return of Significant Beneficial Ownership.

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Effective Provisions of the Companies Amendment Act 2017 w.e.f. 13 June 2018


With Four Notifications; S.O. 351(E) dated 23rd January 2018, S.O. 630(E) dated 9th February 2018, S.O. 1833(E) dated 7th May 2018 and S.O. 2422(E) dated 13th June 2018 most provisions of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2017 (1 of 2018) come into force. Here is a bird’s eye view.

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Principal Business Activities


Every company must be a business organization. Being business organization, a company has business activities. In the Companies Act, 2013 “principal business activities” is a major reporting requirement. According to Section 92(1)(a), every company shall prepare a return (hereinafter referred to as the annual return) in the prescribed form containing the particulars as they stood on the close of the financial year regarding its principal business activities. Section 185 as amended has reference to principal business activities as a major condition for a loan to directors and related concerns.

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Emeritus Chairman vs Chairman


In India, most companies have designation of Chairman but there is no legally recognised office of chairman of company under the Companies Act, 2013. In Indian law, chairman or chairperson is not legal position but a momentary position in meetings.

Chairman under the company law is person appointed/elected as chairman of the Meeting of Board of Directors or meetings of members (general meetings). To avoid time to appoint/select/elect chairman in each such meeting, usually board of directors names a person as its chairman once. Chairman of the Board of Directors may act as chairman of the company (means chairman of its general meetings). However, this position usually treated as permanent designation for a person.

Section 104 of the Companies Act, 2013, talk about chairman of meetings. In some later sections term chairperson is also used in same meaning.

Indian Secretarial Standards bring some legal definition for the position of chairman.

For Indian Secretarial Standards SS – 1 dealing with meetings of Board of Directors, Chairman means the Chairman of the Board or its Committee, as the case may be, or the chairman appointed or elected for a meeting.

For Indian Secretarial Standards SS – 2 dealing with general meetings, Chairman means Chairman of the Board or the Chairman appointed or elected for a Meeting.

These definitions given in Indian Secretarial Standards give some legal backing for permanently appointed chairman of the board.

Chairman Emeritus is more ceremonial position. Chairman Emeritus is an honorary position usually given to people who have retired from the position. It is just a respect to person named so. Chairman Emeritus is like a head of family who lost all powers to younger generation but have high regards at least in society (if not in the family). More often than not, Chairman Emeritus conducts meetings just by presence and all legal responsibilities rest on named chairman.

Basic responsibility of chairman is to conduct a meeting and certify as correct the proceeding when noted down as minutes of meeting. Thus, legally chairman is higher and actual position.

In listed companies, Chairman is preferably a non – executive position and sometime independent directors need to be elected as chairman. Chairman of most committees of Board should legally be an independent director. In private companies and closely held companies managing director act as chairman. In family owned head of family acts as chairman.

This post was earlier written as Quora answer here.

 

Companies Act 2013 Amended by Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016


A notification issued by Ministry of Corporate Affairs notified section 255 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016. By virtue of notification of Section 255 of Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016; the Companies Act, 2013, stands amended in accordance with Schedule XI of the IBC2016 with effect from 15th November 2016. We shall have a short discussion here.

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Amendment in Management and Administration Rules


Ministry of Corporate Affairs notified on 23rd September 2016 the Companies (Management and Administration) Amendment Rules, 2016 amending the Companies (Management and Administration) Rules, 2013 with effect from that date.

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