Out of Sahara Blues


Finally government tries to come out of Sahara Blues. Government earlier was in pressure to put corporate governance in place among private companies and tried well. Thereafter, industry lobby (read as vested interests among “promoters” and “professionals”) started pleaded mercy for all “otherwise honest players”.

Government initiated it journey with exemption notifications and now bring this amendment rules.

The Companies (Audit and Auditors) Second Amendment Rules, 2017 is interesting in more than one way. Statistically, this exemption will benefit only selected big players among private companies in India and their auditors.

Section 139(2) of the Companies Act, 2013 reads, “No listed company or a company belonging to such class or classes of companies as may be prescribed, shall appoint or re-appoint—

(a) an individual as auditor for more than one term of five consecutive years; and

(b) an audit firm as auditor for more than two terms of five consecutive years.”

Rule 5 of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules 2014 before present amendments reads, “for the purposes of sub-section (2) of section 139, the class of companies shall mean the following classes of companies excluding one person companies and small companies:-

(a) all unlisted public companies having paid up share capital of rupees ten crore or more;

(b) all private limited companies having paid up share capital of rupees twenty crore or more;

(c) all companies having paid up share capital of below threshold limit mentioned in (a) and (b) above, but having public borrowings from financial institutions, banks or public deposits of rupees fifty crores or more.”

Now, the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Second Amendment Rules, 2017, amend clause (b) of rule 5. The amendment rules reads, “in the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules, 2014, in rule 5, in clause (b), for the word “twenty”, the word “fifty” shall be substituted.

This amendment rules increase threshold limit for rotation of auditors for private companies by a good 150%.

As number of companies and auditors is not much, it may not affect stakeholders significantly but our commitment towards corporate governance.

 

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Ease to surrender DIN


Now, Ministry of Corporate Affairs introduced relatively easy and online e – form for surrendering director identification.

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Cracking Limited Insolvency Examination


This was first attempt. I studied about 120 hours. But after lot of discussion with many who attempted it with or without success, in first attempt. I made strategy and changed it slightly just 20 study hours before examination on advice.

Last advice I received was not to try too much question. Due to negative marking you should touch your most positive questions. We should care positivity more, if negativity surround.

In first round of 70 minutes, I read all questions and answered most sure one. I marked all other questions for review. In second round of 20 minutes, I reviewed all marked questions and decided not to attempted most of them. Now, out of my target of 70 out of 90, I did only 69 questions.  Now, in final round of 30 minutes, I reviewed all questions once. This did the trick.

But, passing this examination or any examination is not about tricks only. In an examination with multiple choice questions coupled with negative marking need concentration of minor details. Section numbers, penalties, imprisonment, rules, regulations, timelines, definitions and case laws are just a few critical points. No model paper can cover all these in a comprehensive manner. You have to study from original sources. I read law directly from bare published by ICSI – Insolvency Professional Agency.

With age, we may loss our memory and become adamant. Experience usually comes with overconfidence. When new law come into statute books, it changes rule of game more dramatically than we understand.

I was well advised to focus 90% on 60% of syllabus to be covered. I revised all old laws in syllabus in first day of my preparation not to touch again. I cannot memorise all these minor details missed earlier. This was time to focus on new law – the king of the examination concerned. I noted down all possible minor details and left confusing details for practical life outside this examination.

In professional life and examination you cannot take risk with your time. I enrolled for back to back three attempts spread over two weeks. There was another risk for me, the syllabus is about to be revised from fourth week. My failure may require me to cover more diversification and enrichment in new syllabus.

I am indebted to all my family, seniors, critics, friends, relatives and well wishers.

I am thankful to following person more directly for this success, in alphabetical order –

Hari Babu Thota
ICSI
ICSI IPA
Jinesh Kulshreshtha
Lakshmi Arun
Prabhjit Singh Soni
RajKumar S Adukia

Rakesh Kumar Jain

 

Completion of Voluntary Liquidation


Successful completion of a process is as important as its beginning. Voluntary liquidation process is not only a completion of liquidation but result in dissolution of the company.

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Homecoming of Terror – House of Cards


This business is politics. Kevin Spacey and Robin Wright have proven it yet again in the magical political drama. The Underwoods keep you spellbound with the ultimate passion of power. The gait, the style, the fashionable couple have very well-kept the audience captured in the past and so surely this time also. Chessboard of intense playful politics once again is inside our home on our screens. The successful four seasons of the House of Cards is a testimony of how politics remain a part of our living room. With season five on run the series have maintained the political strategies as core designs of the drama.

With the recent real – life political screenplay rewritten in United States, it gets quite interesting to watch dramatic president Frank Underwood. You try to relate things happening and actions of current President, which may or may not relate. Terror is new nucleus of politics everywhere in the world and now it is homecoming of terror.

‘You’ve nothing to be afraid off’. The season 5 episode 1 begins with the strategic handling of the corruption accusations published in Washington Herald against the President. This is a valuable past to defend, the deeds he did earlier as the Vice President. Frank Underwood steals the show when he uses his power play and emphatically manipulates the debate to lead towards terrorism. He demands declaration of war against ICO and seeks support from house of congress. You cannot afford to miss, his spouts, “I will not yield”.

Frank Underwood has come to India, tune into the House Of Cards Season 5 Marathon (episodes 6 – 10) on Saturday, 10th June, 5 PM onwards, only on Zee Café!

This episode carries its main substance from the last episode of season 4, wherein Jim Miller was beheaded by ICO. The contentious whisper of Miller’s daughter, in Frank’s ears, at the funeral of her father, leaves the audience with a curious drama. Something may happen soon, it may be in next few episodes. You get little hints with a curiosity of how.

First episode successfully annex you to your television sets. The episode builds on; the Underwood couple tastes public resentment. It does not last long with their moves to gain the public confidence towards the closure of an hour long episode. The first episodes itself makes a mood for not “Homecoming of Terror” but “politics of terror”. The audience becomes an addict of power play, it has.

Claire Underwood’s public service announcement on a television filming is a deliberate move towards upcoming elections, which we may witness in future episodes. The hysterical wish of Miller’s daughter puts Claire, the first lady, in a position where the audience assumes far-reaching admiration for Claire. I keep my figure crossed. #HOConZCafe ignites social media.

 

REALISATION OF ASSETS AND DISTRIBUTION OF PROCEEDS


Once voluntary liquidation process started; satisfaction of claim becomes primary exercise. For this purpose, this is duty of liquidator handling voluntary liquidation to realize all assets of corporate person and distribute the proceeds.

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Claims in Voluntary Liquidation


Satisfaction of claims is essential part of any liquidation. According to clause (6) of section 3 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016, “claim” means—

(a) a right to payment, whether or not such right is reduced to judgment, fixed, disputed, undisputed, legal, equitable, secured or unsecured;

(b) right to remedy for breach of contract under any law for the time being in force, if such breach gives rise to a right to payment, whether or not such right is reduced to judgment, fixed, matured, unmatured, disputed, undisputed, secured or unsecured.

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