Tag Archives: Liquidation Process

STAKEHOLDERS’ CONSULTATION COMMITTEE IN LIQUIDATION


Stakeholders’ Consultation Committee in liquidation do not have any parliamentary backing but a product of subordinate legislation. This is a committee constituted under Regulation 31A of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Liquidation Process) Regulations, 2016. To understand the scope of stakeholders’ consultation committee we may refer to Section 35(2) and executive overreach in a legislative mandate.

Power to Consult

Section 35(2) empower the liquidator to power to consult any of the stakeholders entitled to a distribution of proceeds under section 53. This is not a duty of the liquidator but power meaning thereby this consultation is completely optional on part of the liquidator. Under law, any such consultation is not be binding on the liquidator.     However, the law mandate record of such consultation, if it takes place. The records of any such consultation shall be made available to all other stakeholders not so consulted, in a manner specified by the Board. [Section 35(2)]

This is the duty of stakeholders consulted to extend all assistance and cooperation to the liquidator to complete the liquidation of the corporate debtor. [Regulation 8(1)]

For the purpose of Second proviso, the liquidator shall maintain the particulars of any consultation with the stakeholders made under this Regulation, as specified in Form A of Schedule II. [Regulation 8(2)]

Consultation Committee

The above law is the major position under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 and the Liquidation Regulations.

However, the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) to streamline this consultation process, prescribes the Stakeholders’ Consultation. With the recent amendment, the stakeholder’s consultation committee becomes a significant affair. Still, any stakeholder should not consider it as Committee of Creditors which is powerful to decide the faith the resolution process.

The liquidator shall constitute a Stakeholders’ Consultation Committee within sixty days from the liquidation commencement date (the date of liquidation order). The committee shall be constitute based on the List of stakeholders prepared on the basis of claims received and verified. [Regulation 31A(1)]

Duty of Consultation Committee

Regulation 31A cast a duty on the Stakeholders Consultation Committee to advise the liquidator on matters related to –

  • Appointment of Professionals and their remuneration (power given with effect from 30 September 2021);
  • Sale under Regulation 32, including manner of sale, pre-bid qualifications, reserve price, amount of earnest money deposit, and marketing strategy.

The decision(s) taken by the liquidator prior to the constitution of consultation committee shall be placed before the consultation committee for information in its first meeting. [Proviso to Regulation 31A(1)] The Committee has no power to advise on such decision taken place before the constitution of the Stakeholders’ consultation committee.

The Regulations do not limit the power of the liquidator to consult any of the stakeholder under Section 35(2) in any additional matter.

Constitution

The consultation committee shall have following members [Regulation 31A (2)]:

Secured Financial Creditors: 2 – 4 depends upon percentage of claims to the Liquidation Value;

Unsecured Financial Creditors: 1-2 upon percentage of claims to the Liquidation Value;

Workmen and Employees: 1

Government: 1

Operational Creditors: 1-2 upon percentage of claims to the Liquidation Value;

Shareholder or Partners: 1

No Remuneration

This may be noted that these representatives shall not be entitle to any remuneration or allowance under the Code and these regulations. However, the code do not bar creditors representative by the representative to reimburse the cost but in any case, any cost incurred by these representative shall not form part of the liquidation process cost.

The liquidator may facilitate the stakeholders of each class to nominate their representatives for inclusion in the consultation committee. If the stakeholders of any class fail to nominate their representatives, such representatives shall be selected by a majority of voting share of the class, present and voting. [Regulation 31A (3) and (4)].

Record and Information

Representatives in the consultation committee shall have access to all relevant records and information as may be required to provide advice to the liquidator under sub-regulation (1). It means where the liquidator seeks advise on additional matter, the liquidator may at his option provide the information. [Regulation 31A (5)] This record and information may be provided subject to restriction under the Code and Regulations. The Regulations do not provide any restriction; however, the Liquidator may take hint from the CIRP Regulations and should request a non-disclosure undertaking from these Representatives.

Meeting

The liquidator shall convene a meeting of the consultation committee when he considers it necessary and shall convene a meeting of the consultation committee when a request is received from at least fifty-one percent of representatives in the consultation committee. [Regulation 31A(6)] However, it is not clear on what matter the Stakeholders’ consultation Committee shall “forced advise” where the liquidator has not called the meeting.

The liquidator should call meeting at reasonable intervals and keep the committee informed of developments.

The liquidator shall chair the meetings of consultation committee and record deliberations of the meeting. [Regulation 31A(7)]

The consultation committee shall advise the liquidator, by a vote of not less than sixty-six percent of the representatives of the consultation committee, present and voting. The advice of the consultation committee shall not be binding on the liquidator. Where the liquidator takes a decision different from the advice given by the consultation committee, he shall record the reasons for the same in writing and mention it in the next progress report. [Regulation 31A (9) and (10)]

Sale as Going Concern

The liquidator shall place the recommendation of committee of creditors made under sub-regulation (1) of regulation 39C of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Insolvency Resolution Process for Corporate Persons) Regulations, 2016, before the consultation committee for its information. [Regulation 31A(8)]

Under Regulation 39C of those regulations, the committee (of creditors) may recommend that the liquidator (to be appointed) may first explore sale of the corporate debtor as a going concern under clause (e) of regulation 32 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Liquidation Process) Regulations, 2016 or sale of the business of the corporate debtor as a going concern under clause (f) thereof, if an order for liquidation is passed under section 33.

Where the committee of creditors has not identified the assets and liabilities under sub-regulation (2) of regulation 39C of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Insolvency Resolution Process for Corporate Persons) Regulations, 2016, the liquidator shall identify and group the assets and liabilities to be sold as a going concern, in consultation with the consultation committee. [Regulation 32(3)]

Assignment of not readily realisable assets

A liquidator may assign or transfer a not readily realisable asset through a transparent process, in consultation with the stakeholders’ consultation committee in accordance with regulation 31A, for a consideration to any person, who is eligible to submit a resolution plan for insolvency resolution of the corporate debtor. [Regulation 37A(1)]

Filing of Claims during Liquidation


In an earlier post here, we have discussed filing of claims during corporate insolvency resolution process. In this post, we will discuss filing of claims during liquidation process of corporate persons. During liquidation process for a corporate debtor following forms of the IBBI (Liquidation Process) Regulations 2016 are prescribed to file claims by creditors:

  • Operational Creditors –Form C
  • Financial Creditors – Form D
  • Workmen and Employees (individually) – Form E
  • Workmen and Employees (for All) – Form F
  • Claims by other stakeholders – Form G

Most fields of these forms are identical. In case your claim is complicated or have a good amount of money involved, it is advisable to seek help of a good professional. 

The liquidation process starts after failure of the resolution process of corporate person. In the liquidation process, a creditor is required to file claims within 30 days from the date of the liquidation order. Practically, a creditor may have not more than 14-21 days from the receipt of information of the initiation of liquidation process.

Liquidation Order: Day 0

Receipt of the copy of order by Liquidator – Day 3-5

Public Announcement of Liquidation and Invitation of Claims – Day 5-10

Last Day of filing Claims – Day 30

The liquidator has no power to accept claims after 30 days. All creditors failed to file claims within these 30 days must apply the Adjudicating Authority (National Company Law Tribunal) to condone delay.

All these claim amount shall be calculated as on Liquidation Commencement Date.

The affidavit with the claim form shall be attested by Notary Public.

Common points in these Forms

Common FieldsSource of Information
Name and address of LiquidatorForm Public Announcement
Name and Address of ClaimantYour identity proofs/ loan agreements/Invoices

Certificate of Incorporation/GST details
Identification Number of ClaimantPAN/ GSTN / CoI / UID (Aadhar)
Address of ClaimantLatest Bank Statement/ Telephone or Mobile Bill/ UID (Aadhar)
Email of ClaimantIf you are not a frequent user of email, please provide your most used email address as you need to check this email address almost daily to stay updated.
  
Details of documentsList of all relevant documents
Details of any dispute as well as the record of pendency or order of suit or arbitration proceedings
Details of how and when debt incurredPlease write one paragraph summery of the default
FC – why loan taken, securities, loan disbursal,  loan period interest and due dates OC – what goods or services provided and for which period, details of period of default with first and last invoice
real estate buyers – Allotment letter, agreement to sale, details of payment made
Details of any mutual credit, mutual debts, or other mutual dealings between the corporate debtor and the creditor which may be set-off against the claimDetails if any
Details of the bank account to which the amount of the claim or any part thereof can be transferred pursuant to a resolution planPlease check your cheque book: account number, type of account, Bank name and branch address, IFSC Code, Swift Code etc
List of documents attached to this proof of claim in order to prove the existence and non-payment of claim due to the operational creditorThis will be good if proper file is prepared with proper index and page numbering.
Signature of creditor or person authorised to act on his behalfPlease attach proper authorisation.
Address of person signingAddress Proof – UID/Bank statement/ mobile or telephone bill/ Electricity bill
Liquidation commence datePublic Announcement

In the case of company or limited liability partnership, the declaration and verification shall be made by the director/manager/secretary and in the case of other entities, an officer authorised for the purpose by the entity].

Amount of Claim

In case of operational Creditor: please check and attach invoices, ledger, commercial agreement, Memorandum of understanding, contracts etc. Copy of proper ledger is strongly advisable. Where any interest is claim document like MSME registration or agreement should be attached. Interest for MSME operational Creditors 18% after first 45 days.

In case of a claim by financial creditors: Please check and attach sanction letters, loan agreement, inter-corporate loan agreement, RBI – FEMA Documentation in case of loan from foreign country, mortgage agreement, hypothecation agreement, guarantee agreements, property papers, vehicle registration details, information utility documents, ledger or bank statement or loan statement, securitization documents, DRT orders etc, name of guarantors or principal borrowers;

In case of real estate buyers: application, allotment letter, agreement to sale, sale deed, loan documentation, payment details, ledger copy or bank statement or loan agreement, RERA order, calculation sheet for interest calculation. Interest for class of creditors shall be 8% per year.

In case of Employee and workmen: appointment letter/ promotion letters/ increment letter/ latest salary slips/ TDS statement

Action Post filing claims

After filing claims, claimants should wait response from the Liquidator. The Liquidator shall respond upon your claims on or before 67th day of the Liquidation Commencement Date. In case the claimant find a requirement to modify or amend the claim, the claimant can do it within 14 days of filing of the claim.

Please follow instructions of the liquidator seeking additional information or document unless you are going to appeal against instruction. Please submit all information required. The liquidator may reject your claim if he is not satisfied with your claim. In case of rejection of claim you are required to file an appeal within 14 days of receipt of such decision. You cannot file an amendment of claim in such appeal.

Submission of false or misleading proof of claims shall attract penalties.