Tag Archives: Shares and Securities

Notification of Sections Relevant for NCLT

Yesterday late evening, I posted here about press release issued by Ministry of Corporate Affairs. Soon thereafter, two files uploaded on Official Gazette website with two notifications in each. In earlier post here today, we discussed establishment and jurisdiction of various NCLT benches.

In this post, we will have a bird’s eye view on Sections notified on 1st June 2016 related to NCLT.

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DEBENTURE (Companies Act 2013)

A bond from the Dutch East India Company, dati...

A bond from the Dutch East India Company, dating from 7 November 1623, for the amount of 2,400 florins. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Debenture is most important instrument to raise capital for a company. A company use debenture to raise debt capital. Popularly, debenture issued by public sector companies with government approval is called bonds.

Section 2 (30) of the Companies Act, 2013 define inclusively debenture as “debenture” includes debenture stock, bonds or any other instrument of a company evidencing a debt, whether constituting a charge on the assets of the company or not.

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Reduction of capital is a sensitive issue; managerially, financially, economically, and legally. Hence, reduction of capital by a company is always subject to confirmation by the Tribunal on an application made by the company. Company applying for reduction may either be a company limited by share or a company limited by guarantee but having a share capital. Reduction of capital must be approved by special resolution passed by the company. a company may reduce share capital in following manner –

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Every business run on finance and share capital is base finance, hence life blood of a company.


Where any communication or publication of a company contains a statement of the amount of the authorise capital of the company, it shall also contain a statement in an equally prominent position and in equally conspicuous characters of the amount of the capital which has been subscribed and the amount paid – up.

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Free transferability of share is one essential condition for Company form of business, subject to some restrictions under private companies. New Act, deals with substantially.


A company shall register a transfer of securities or interest of members only when such a proper instrument of transfer; duly stamped, dated and executed by or on behalf of the transferor and transferee and specifying the name, address and occupation has been delivered to the company by either party within a period of sixty days from date of execution, along with the certificate of security or the letter of allotment of securities.

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