Difference between various business positions is quite confusing for the general public. Here, we will discuss, what is the difference between a chairman, a managing director, a CEO, and a proprietor?
Tag Archives: Managing Director
When an applicant files a form for incorporation of a company, we need to select the designation and category of first directors in incorporation Form 32 (popularly called Spice) or wherever company appoints a director. There are four different categories of directors. We will discuss confusion regarding these categories of directors.
Ministry of Corporate Affairs, on 12th September 2016 issued notification amending Schedule V of the Companies Act, 2013. Schedule V deals with managerial remuneration in cases of inadequate profit and to some extend managerial appointment in public companies.
We have already discussed remuneration of managerial personnel under Section 197 read with Schedule V of the Companies Act 2013. In addition to managerial remuneration under Section 197 a company may pay sitting fees to its directors.
According to Rule 4 of the Companies (appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rule 2014, a company may pay a sitting fee to a director for attending meetings of the Board or committees thereof, such sum as may be decided by the Board of directors thereof which shall not exceed one lakh rupees per meeting of the Board or committee thereof. For Independent Directors and Women Directors, the sitting fee shall not be less than the sitting fee payable to other directors.
Section 196 of the companies Act 2013 deals with appointment of certain managerial personnel namely; Managing Director, Whole time Director and Manager. Remuneration of these managerial personnel is discussed in Section 197 read with Schedule V of the Companies Act 2013. Section 203 of this Act further deals with appointment of certain other managerial personnel along with managerial personnel already discussed in Section 197.
According to Rule 3 of the Companies (appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rule, 2014, A company shall file a return of appointment of a Managing Director, Whole Time Director or Manager, Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Company Secretary and Chief Financial Officer (CFO) within sixty days of the appointment, with the Registrar in Form MR – 1 along with such fee as may be specified for this purpose. We have earlier discussed Form MR – 1 in detail here.
We have much earlier discussed “Appointment of Managing Director and Manager” and “Managerial Remuneration in case of inadequate profit”. I understand, Section 197 read with Schedule V is a code for managerial remuneration. Now, we will discuss other relevant provision for managerial remuneration.
CALCULATION OF PROFIT (SECTION 198):
In computing the net profit of a company in any financial year credit shall be given for:
The Financial Statements of a company is most important document until recent past, when non – financial reporting started to gain its momentum. This is a reporting of growth in business in monetary units.
BOOK OF ACCOUNTS (SECTION 128):
Every company shall prepare and keep at its registered office books of accounts and other relevant books and papers and financial statement for every financial year. These books must give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the company and its branch offices. These books must explain the transactions effected both at the registered office and its branches. These books shall be kept on actual basis and double entry system of accounting.