Digital Signature nowadays a most important but highly unprotected personal property of an individual just next to his figure prints and unprotected payment instruments – UPIs, credit or debit cards or cheque books. If no fraud has been committed misusing a Digital Signature in last 10 days it is because no fraudster know the true power of a Digital Signature or you have placed your digital signature certificate in a hand of a person of integrity.
Bye – Bye Digital Signature Certificates!!
Inter – ministerial task force on secured authentication of legal documents actively discussing retina signatures which next logical step after introduction of biometric identification system in India. Indian mainstream media undermined these reports amid its stir on recent development in Uttar Pradesh.
Under critically proactive leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi an inter-ministerial task force was formed just after demonetization to consider digital cash, digital contracts and digitization of legal and court documents. The task force includes highly places officers of Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Law & Justice, Ministry of Information Technology, Unique Identification Authority of India, Ministry of Health & Family welfare. Highly placed sources suggest that a prime intelligence agency of nation is also involved and getting help from an agency of a friendly foreign nation.
Retina signature is a unique technique developed by a research group consist of countries premier medical colleges and information technology universities. This is quite advance technique user shall sign just showing his retina to camera attached to his laptop, mobile or desktop. This futuristic system shall replace token based digital signature certificate and can be used anytime anywhere by anybody. Though, it will be restricted presently for human need, this technique is so advance that it can be even be used by advance animals using their retina. Retina signature will eradicate need for renewal of digital signature certificates. This technology provides lifelong free signatures subject to good health and maintenance of retina. Any kind of file type may be signed using retina signature.
Retina is third and inner coat of eye which is a light-sensitive layer of tissue. The unique structure of the blood vessels in the retina has been used for biometric identification. Changes in the retinal microcirculation are seen with aging, exposure to air pollution and may indicate cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension and atherosclerosis.
In proposed methodology, a user shall place his eyes before camera of his mobile or laptop when a document to be signed should be opened before him on same device. It is also possible to sign a documents placed in another device. The retina signature shall capture bio-metrics of retina, system time, internet protocol address and geo-positioning of signatory. Once, signed there shall be no removal of signature from the documents shall be possible unless authorized by competent authority, which shall be a civil judge.
As usual, human right activists are planning to oppose the move. Activists argue that scrupulous elements and police authorities may get retina signature using force and other means. However, government authority denies any such possibilities. The task force working on modalities to make it happened in case blind, mentally challenged and otherwise unhealthy people.
A copy of relevant study document may be assessed here on or after 1st April.
Posted in Chapter I - CA2013, Companies Act 2013, Company Secretary, Governance and Responsibility, Investor Education, Truth of Our Time
Tagged bio-metrics, Digital Signature, Digital Signature Certificate, Ease of Doing Business, India, Information Technology, Prank, Retina Signature
What is first legal requirement for formation of a company? This is willingness to form a company. Who should have this willingness? The promoter! Who will be the promoter? Any person, natural or legal! However, in case of One Person Company only a natural person can incorporate a company. Even in case a legal person, a natural person shall digitally and manually sign the incorporation forms and documents.
This is needless to say even a form for reservation of a name for proposed company need a digital signature among other requirements.
Posted in Chapter II - CA2013, Chapter XI - CA2013, Companies Act 2013, Governance and Responsibility
Tagged Companies Act 2013, CorpLaw, Corporate Law, Digital Signature, Digital Signature Certificate, DSC, India, Ministry of corporate affairs, PAN, Permanent Account Number, Promoter