Tag Archives: Share

Share Certificate and Family Company

Away from strictly legal structure know to us, we students of Indian corporate laws know specific classes of companies  – Husband-wife company, Family company, friends basically, and company – “basically partnership” etc. Nothing is defined but all these terms. The basic character of these companies is the utmost trust and faith at the time of incorporation. Due to this, we receive specific queries like:

Is it mandatory to issue a share certificate if both/all the directors are shareholders?

Continue reading


Signing Share Certificate

Subordinate legislation should avoid repeating a provision of the main legislation. Sub-rule (3) of rule 5 of the Companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Rules, 2014 is a good example. Rule 5(3) corresponds to Section 46 of the Companies Act, 2013. Section 46 was amended by the Companies Amendment Act, 2015 with effect from 29th May 2015. Correspondingly, Schedule I of the Companies Act, 2013 also amended this time in the line of these amendments in Section 46. Due to oversight, there was no corresponding amendment in Schedule since 29th May 2015. Now, corrective action is taken by with effect from 10th April 2018.

Continue reading


In this post, we will discuss dematerialisation of shares, Refund of application money and payment of commission on issue of share capital.


Section 29 of the Companies Act 2013, say every company making public offer; and such other class or classes of companies as may be prescribed shall issue the securities only in the dematerialised form. This section was discussed in detail earlier on this blog here.

Rule 9 of the Companies (Prospectus and Allotment of Securities) Rules 2014 prescribes that the promoters of every public company making a public offer of any convertible securities may hold such securities only in dematerialized form. The entire holding of convertible securities of the company by the promoters held in physical form up to the date of the initial public offer shall be converted into dematerialized form before such offer is made and thereafter such promoter shareholdings shall be held in dematerialized form only.
Continue reading


Section 42 of the Companies Act, 2013 allows any company, whether private or public, to make private placement of securities through issue of a “Private Placement Offer Letter” (PPOL). We have discussed provision of the Section earlier here.

In addition of Section 42, Rule 14 of the Companies (Prospectus and Allotment of Securities) Rules 2014 prescribes all fine prints of the private placement.

Continue reading


As we discussed earlier here, sub – section (4) of Section 39 of the Companies Act 2013 says, “Whenever a company having a share capital makes any allotment of securities, it shall file with the Registrar a return of allotment in such manner as may be prescribed”. Rule 12 of the Companies (Prospectus and Allotment of Securities) Rules 2014 prescribes this manner.

Whenever a company having a share capital makes any allotment of its securities, the company shall, within thirty days thereafter, file with the Registrar a return of allotment in Form PAS – 3, along with the fee as specified in the Companies (Registration Offices and Fees) Rules, 2014.

Continue reading

Introducing: AishMGhrana Governance Professional

The Institute of Company Secretaries of India has its Continuing willingness to present itself as a world leader as professional body of Corporate Governance professionals. This is a welcome transformation of Company Secretary from a mere clerk to Corporate Governance professional. The ICSI said as a member of CSIA it will ask the World Trade Organization (WTO) to include corporate governance and related areas in its mode of business classification.

Continue reading