Basic Information about NCLAT

National Company Law Appellate Tribunal is new forum of quasi – judicial nature. This is functional since June 1, 2016. There is lot of talk about National Company Law Appellate Tribunal along with Company Law Appellate since last two decades. In this blog post, we will discuss basic information which one need to know.

Computation of time Period

According to rule 3 of National Company Law Appellate Tribunal Rules, 2016, the day on which a time period is reckoned shall be excluded in computing the time period.

Where last day expires on a day when office of the Appellate Tribunal is closed, that day and any succeeding day when the office of the Appellate Tribunal is closed, shall be excluded.

This calculation shall be same whether a period is prescribed by the Act, or any other law or these rules or fixed by the Appellate Tribunal for doing any act.


According to rule 4 of National Company Law Appellate Tribunal Rules, 2016, Forms to use before the Tribunal are prescribed in these rules. In each case, these forms may be used with such modification or verification as required on basis of circumstance of each case.

Format of order or direction or rule

According to rule 5, every rule, direction, order, summons, warrant or other mandatory process shall be –

  • issued in the name of the Chairperson
  • signed by the Registrar or any other officer specifically authorised in that behalf by the Chairperson,
  • Signed with the day, month and year of signing, and
  • sealed with the seal of the Appellate Tribunal.

Custody of records

According to rule 7, the Registrar shall have the custody of the records of the Appellate Tribunal.

No record or document filed in any cause or matter shall be allowed to be taken out of the custody of the Appellate Tribunal without the leave of the Tribunal

Registrar may allow any other officer of the Appellate Tribunal to remove any official paper or record for administrative purposes from the Appellate Tribunal.

Sitting hours

According to rule 9, the sitting hours of the Appellate Tribunal shall ordinarily be from 9:30 AM to 1:00 PM and 2:15 P.M. to 5:00 PM. The President by an order may modify this timing.

Working Hours

According to sub – rule (1) of rule 10, the office of the Appellate Tribunal shall remain open on all working days from 09.30 A.M. to 6.00 P.M.

According to rule sub – rule (2) of rule 10, the Filing Counter of the Registry shall be open on all working days from 10.30 AM to 5.00 P.M.

Listing of cases

According to rule 13, an urgent matter which is filed before 12 noon shall be listed before tribunal on the following working day.

In exceptional cases, an urgent matter which is filed before 3.00 P.M. for listing shall be listed on the following working day with specific permission of the Bench.

Such case shall be so listed only if, it is complete in all respect as provided in NCLAT Rules, 2016.

Power to exempt

According to rule 14, the Appellate Tribunal may on sufficient cause being shown, exempt the parties from compliance with any requirement of these rules.

The Tribunal may give such directions in matters of practice and procedure, as it may consider just and expedient on the application moved in this behalf to render substantial justice.

Power to extend time

According to rule 15, the Appellate Tribunal may extend the time appointed by these rules or fixed by any order for doing any act or taking any proceeding. While extending time, the tribunal may impose upon such terms as the justice of the case may require. Any enlargement may be ordered by the Appellate Tribunal, although the application therefore is not made until after the expiration of the time appointed or allowed.

Please note: This blog invite readers to share their comments, suggestions, hardship, queries and everything in comment section. This blog post is not a professional advice but just a knowledge sharing initiative for mutual discussion.


No professional query in comments (but in mail). Only academic discussion here. Comments moderated. Sometime, I reply to your mail ID.

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