Category Archives: Chapter X – CA2013

AUDIT AND AUDITORS

That Audit Report


Indian corporate world was shocked and corporate governance became a question when on 20th October 2014, M/s. R. H. Modi  & Co., Chartered

Public Notice by Auditors

Public Notice by Auditors

Accountants, auditor of C. Mahendra Exports Limited published a public notice in newspaper. It was alleged that the company “in a complete illegal and malafide manner filed, uploaded and circulated the Annual Report with the financial results of the company for financial year 2014 – 15 and the auditor report dated 7th September 2015 purported that the financial statements have been audited and Auditors Report signed by us (M/s. R. H. Modi  & Co., Chartered Accountants).

The auditor in this public notice claimed that these financial statements have not been finalised and audited by them. The auditor claimed that despite their strong objection to the passing of company’s account in their present form, the same have been passed by the shareholders of the company in annual general meeting held on 26th September 2015.

The company filed its clarification before stock exchanges, which is available in site of Bombay Stock Exchange here and site of National Stock Exchange here. The company not only stated facts from their side but also raised several questions on point of law.

According to facts mentioned by the company, Managing Director and Statutory Auditors did not sign the financial statements and Auditors Report. The company presented following interesting queries:

  1. Can the auditor refuse to sign the auditor’s report due to dispute between the promoters?
  2. Can the Auditor not sign the Audit Report if the MD does not sign the accounts?

Fully clarification written by the company is worth academic reading.

This blog does not want to discuss on the matter which may soon go to inquiry by relevant professional bodies and regulators. However, development on this matter may be of academic interests.

Reply by Company P.1

Reply by Company P.1

Reply by Company P.2

Reply by Company P.2

Reply by Company P.3

Reply by Company P.3

Advertisements

Counter Puzzle of Auditor Appointment


No doubt the Companies Act, 2013 is not a law but collection of legal puzzle. Compliance of its provisions became hell. This is not just because of poor drafting of law but poor reading of law. We student of the Companies Act, 2013 need to unlearn the Companies Act, 1956 first and finally. We need to know, learn, understand and educate ourselves that the Companies Act, 1956 is now only for reference purpose only.

In last post, we discussed puzzle of ADT – 1 here but every coin have second side also. In that post we start reading form the charging sub – section and in this post we will start reading form the compliance required by the Ministry i.e. ADT – 1 itself.

Continue reading

Puzzle of Auditor Appointment (ADT – 1)


No doubt the Companies Act, 2013 is not a law but collection of legal puzzle. Compliance of its provisions became hell. This is not just because of poor drafting of law but poor reading of law. We student of the Companies Act, 2013 need to unlearn the Companies Act, 1956 first and finally. We need to know, learn, understand and educate ourselves that the Companies Act, 1956 is now only for reference purpose only.

In this post we will try to solve puzzle of ADT – 1, Rule 4 and Section 139.

Continue reading

CARO 2015


Even though, Companies (Auditor’s Report) Order, 2015 is placed along with Removal of difficulty orders, both are complete of different genre.

Companies (Auditor’s Report) Order, 2015 is issued in exercise of powers conferred by Section 143(11). The Central Government may, in consultation with the National Financial Reporting Authority, by general or special order, direct, in respect of such class or description of companies, as may be specified in the order, that the auditor’s report shall also include a statement on such matters as may be specified therein. National Financial Reporting Authority under Section 132 is not yet constituted and this order is issued after consultation with the Institute of chartered Accountants of India. [I am not commenting on Legal status of the Order. However, it may be enough if a Removal of Difficulty order issued simultaneously.]

Continue reading

Part of Companies Amendment Act became Effective


A draft notification posted here on website of Ministry of Corporate Affairs says that Section 1 to 12 and Section 15 to 23 of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2015 came into force with effect from 29th May 2015. The official language of notification read, “the Central Government hereby appoints the 296 May, 2015 as the date on which the provisions of sections 1 to 12 and 15 to 23 of the said Act shall come into force.” The Amendment Act was got presidential assent and notified by Ministry of Law and Justice as such on 26th May 2015 in official gazette.

Two sections not notified yet deals with Fraud Reporting Procedure [Section 13 amending Section 143 of Principal Act] and Related Party Transactions [Section 14 amending Section 177 of Principal Act]. This is understood that Rules related to these sections are in drafting process.

Continue reading

COST AUDIT after Amendment Rules 2014


We have discussed applicability of the Companies (Cost Record and Audit) Rules 2014 as amended by the Companies (Cost Record and Audit) Amendment Rules 2014. Certain companies shall maintain cost record as discussed earlier here. Earlier we have discussed Cost Audit under original Rules before these amendment here.

Applicability of Cost Audit [Rule 4]:

Ever company specified in ITEM (A) of Rule 3, shall get its cost record audited if –

the overall turnover of the company from its products and services during preceding financial year is rupees fifty crore or more, or

the aggregate turnover of the individual product or products or service or services for which cost records are required to be maintained under [item (a) of] Rule 3 is rupees twenty five crore or more. [Rule 4(1)]

Continue reading

COST RECORD after Amendment Rules 2014


The Companies (Cost Record and Audit) Rules 2014 as amended by the Companies (Cost Record and Audit) Amendment Rules 2014 shall be applicable from the date of its publication in official gazette of India and published in official gazette. I am yet to find notification in official gazettee untill 20th January 2015. Earlier we have discussed Cost Record under original Rules before these amendment here.

Continue reading